The refugee definition is declaratory, i.e. a person is a refugee as soon as s/he fulfils the criteria contained in the definition of the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees. This would necessarily occur prior to a formal determination of her/his refugee status. Until such determination is made it must be assumed that those who have crossed an international border to escape a risk of serious harm and who are not citizens of the country in which they arrive, are refugees and should be treated as such.
People in a refugee-like situation: Estimated Demographic Breakdown
The estimate of the demographic distribution is calculated based on numbers from governmental sources. Due to use of different demographic categories, 'children' in this breakdown covers persons up to and including the age of 19.