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  Toutes les Urgences


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Horn of Africa Somalia Situation
Somalia is at the heart of one of the worst humanitarian crises in the world today. Twenty years of conflict and waves of drought have uprooted a quarter of the country’s 7.5 million people. As the region faces its most severe drought in 60 years, the Somali exodus is growing fast. The refugees urgently need medical aid and high-protein, high-energy food. They also need clean water, shelter and basic services in the camps.
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Situation Mali
Dû aux violences, hostilités, et violations des droits de l’homme ainsi qu’à une détérioration de la sécurité dans le nord du Mali depuis janvier 2012, un grand nombre de maliens ont cherché refuge au Burkina Faso, en Mauritanie et au Niger, tandis que d’autres ont été déplacés au sein de leur pays.
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Situation Nigeria
Le conflit avec Boko Haram dans le nord-est du Nigéria s’est propagé dans la région du Bassin du Lac Tchad, où les réfugiés nigérians sont accueillis depuis 2014. Ce conflit a causé un déplacement forcé de masse et une urgence humanitaire sans précédent au Cameroun, au Chad et au Niger.
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Syria Regional Refugee Response
Over 5.6 million refugees have fled Syria since 2011, seeking safety in Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq, Egypt and beyond. After almost six years of war in Syria, refugee vulnerabilities and poverty are on the rise, the impact on host communities continues to grow, and funding for the humanitarian response is not keeping up with the needs
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South Sudan
As the protracted emergency enters its sixth year, the South Sudan situation remains the largest refugee situation on the African continent. There are over 2.2 million refugees in Sudan, Uganda, Ethiopia, Kenya and the Democratic Republic of the Congo and a further 1.8 million people displaced internally in South Sudan. The situation continues to be characterized as a children’s crisis with children constituting over 65 percent of the refugee population.
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Réponse Régionale à la crise centrafricaine
The dire crisis in the Central African Republic continues to trigger massive forced displacement, increasing pressure on resources and living conditions in host communities and countries. Intense militia activity and inter-community violence hampers humanitarian access and exposes civilians to serious protection risks. According to OCHA, CAR remains the country with the highest humanitarian needs per capita, with 50 per cent of the population having to rely on humanitarian assistance to survive, while 25 per cent is displaced either internally or in a neighbouring country.
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Côte d'Ivoire Portail de partage de l'Information
Today, there are 22,000 Ivorian refugees hosted in West Africa. Since 2011, UNHCR has facilitated the voluntary return in safety and dignity of over 70,000 Ivorian refugees and and continues to do so.
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Mediterranean Situation
Persecution, conflict and poverty forced over 1 million people to flee to Europe in 2015. Many came seeking safety for themselves and their families, risking their lives and facing a treacherous journey
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Burundi Situation
Over 300,000 refugees have fled Burundi to the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda since April 2015. The situation in Burundi remains complex; while refugees continue to arrive throughout the region, others are deciding to return home. The Burundi refugee response remains one of the most underfunding refugee situations in the world.
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Situation RDC
The on-going conflicts in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) have caused and continue to cause internal and external displacement of populations. In 2017, some 100,000 Congolese fled to neighbouring countries as refugees, due to widespread militia activities, unrest and violence, joining the 585,000 already in exile. The security conditions in DRC, especially in the eastern and central parts have continued to worsen since the beginning of 2018. Because of this, the Congolese refugee population is now among the ten largest in the world. Nearly 55 per cent are children, many crossing borders unaccompanied or separated. Existing camps and sites in many asylum countries are saturated, and available basic services are stretched to the limit. The situation requires support, adequate resources and collaboration so that effective protection and assistance can be delivered efficiently to Congolese refugees.
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Iraq CCCM Overview
Le conflit arme en cours en Irak a entraine le deplacement de plus de 3 million de personnes qui ont fuit leur maison et on cherche refuge dans d'autres zones d'Irak. Les populations deplacees internes (PDIs) vivent actuellement dans plus de 2000 sites temporaires, mais egalement dans des logements autres que des camps (chez l'habitant, logement slocatifs) partout en Irak.
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Apatridie en Afrique de l'Ouest et du Centre
Selon les estimations du HCR, l’apatridie touche des millions de personnes à travers le monde, dont plus de 700,000 en Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre. Plusieurs facteurs contribuent au risque d’apatridie dans la région, ce qui suppose que la population à risque est très grande.
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Central America & Mexico
Forced displacement continues to grow in numbers, and in complexity. Gang violence, persecution and human rights violations have left no other choice for around 720,000 people from the North of Central America but to flee either internally or across borders. The social and political crisis in Nicaragua since April 2018 has forced over 100,000 nationals to neighboring countries. UNHCR has expanded its presence and operational capacity in recent years to strengthen protection alternatives and facilitate solutions for those affected.
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Venezuela Situation
Growing numbers of Venezuelans continue to leave their country, with more than 3 million having left by the end of 2018. By the end of 2018, over 460,000 asylum claims were lodged globally, the majority were in 2018 alone. Over 1 million Venezuelans have been granted other forms of legal status in their host countries, allowing them to remain there legally and to access basic rights and services.
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CCCM Somalia Overview
Highlighting the internal displacement in Somalia
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CCCM Northern Syria Overview
Highlighting the internal displacement in Northern Syria
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Afghanistan situation
More than 40 years after the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979, nearly 5 million Afghans remain displaced outside of the country. Of these, 90% are hosted by the Islamic Republics of Pakistan and Iran respectively. In addition, over 2 million Afghans are internally displaced today within their own country. Pending a lasting solution to the Afghan crisis, these two countries who have generously hosted the overwhelming majority for decades need continuing support. Equally, investment and development remain critically needed within Afghanistan to bolster infrastructure and support communities to make safe and voluntary repatriation sustainable and lasting.
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Refugee Response in Bangladesh
This is the largest and swiftest refugee exodus witnessed in the region in decades with more than 712,738 refugees fleeing from Myanmar’s Rakhine State to Bangladesh since 25 August 2017. Their displacement occurred against a background of decades of discrimination and statelessness. Although the influx has slowed since the onset of the crisis, new arrivals are still reported, joining an existing refugee population.
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Syria Regional Refugee Response: Durable Solutions
Durable solutions for refugees from Syria are based on a comprehensive protection and solutions strategy which seeks to: i) support host country and community resilience; ii) enable refugee self-reliance, including access to services, legal work opportunities and livelihoods; iii) expand access to resettlement in third countries and other complementary pathways, and; iv) plan for the return of refugees to Syria, on a voluntary basis, when conditions for a safe, dignified and sustainable return are in place.
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Eradication of Statelessness in the East and Horn of Africa, and the Great Lakes Region
Highlighting statelessness in the 12 Member States of the ICGLR, and what is being done to eradicate it. Media coverage, testimonies of stateless persons, reports on the issue and all documents pertaining to the Brazzaville Declaration process can be consulted in English, French, Portuguese and Arabic.
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Asile et Migration en Afrique de l'Ouest et du Centre
Les mouvements mixtes font référence aux flux complexes de population : des personnes aux besoins et profils variés utilisent les mêmes routes et modes de transport mais se déplacent pour des motifs différents. Au sein de ces flux, réfugiés circulent aux cotés de personnes fuyant des difficultés économiques. L’ Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre connait des flux mixtes complexes, au sein même de la région et au-delà de la région, notamment vers l’Europe via la Route méditerranéenne centrale.
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Regional Bureau for Southern Africa
The Regional Bureau emphasises ensuring a favourable protection environment; providing community-based protection and multi-sectoral assistance; pursuing durable solutions for people of concern; promoting social cohesion and peaceful co-existence; enhancing emergency preparedness and response capacity. “We are never as effective as when the 'whole-of-society' is working together to bring compassion, resources and expertise in response to humanitarian situations. In the spirit of the Global Compact on Refugees and UNHCR’s IDP Policy, governments, NGOs, civil society, private sector and people of concern are UNHCR’s most important partners in responding to the displacement of more than [9.5 million] people of concern in the Southern Africa region.” Regional Director : Valentin Tapsoba
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Regional Bureau for the East and Horn of Africa, and the Great Lakes Region
In September 2019, with the aim of bringing decision making closer to the point of delivery, UNHCR opened its Regional Bureau for the East, Horn of Africa and Great Lakes Region (EHAGL). It is located in Nairobi, Kenya and covers 11 operations: Burundi, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda. Within the EHAGL region, two situations are managed by the Bureau: the South Sudan Regional Refugee Situation and the Burundi Regional Refugee Situation. The Bureau has accountability for strategic decision-making, regional prioritization, oversight of integrity issues, and quality assurance, and possesses the technical capacity to support country operations in a wide range of sectors such as education, child protection, economic inclusion and durable solutions.