|Country of origin||Source||Data date||Population|
|Dem. Rep. of the Congo||UNHCR, Government, MINEMA||31 Oct 2021||60.8%||77,252|
|Burundi||UNHCR, Government, MINEMA||31 Oct 2021||38.9%||49,442|
|Others||UNHCR, Government, MINEMA||31 Oct 2021||0.1%||152|
|Eritrea||UNHCR, Government, MINEMA||31 Oct 2021||0.1%||142|
|Location name||Source||Data date||Population|
|Mahama Camp||UNHCR, Government, MINEMA||31 Oct 2021||43.8%||55,573|
|Kiziba Camp||UNHCR, Government, MINEMA||31 Oct 2021||13.2%||16,777|
|Kigeme Camp||UNHCR, Government, MINEMA||31 Oct 2021||12.5%||15,893|
|Nyabiheke Camp||UNHCR, Government, MINEMA||31 Oct 2021||11.2%||14,208|
|Mugombwa Camp||UNHCR, Government, MINEMA||31 Oct 2021||8.8%||11,119|
|Kigali Urban||UNHCR, Government, MINEMA||31 Oct 2021||7.9%||10,070|
|Nyamata Urban||UNHCR, Government, MINEMA||31 Oct 2021||1.8%||2,291|
|Huye Urban||UNHCR, Government, MINEMA||31 Oct 2021||0.7%||840|
|Bugesera RC||UNHCR, Government, MINEMA||31 Oct 2021||0.2%||214|
|Kijote TC||UNHCR, Government, MINEMA||30 Sep 2021||0.0%||2|
|Nyanza RC||UNHCR, Government, MINEMA||31 Oct 2021||0.0%||1|
Over 300,000 refugees have fled Burundi to the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda since April 2015. The situation in Burundi remains complex; while refugees continue to arrive throughout the region, others are deciding to return home. The Burundi refugee response remains one of the most underfunding refugee situations in the world.
The on-going conflicts in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) have caused and continue to cause internal and external displacement of populations. In 2017, some 100,000 Congolese fled to neighbouring countries as refugees, due to widespread militia activities, unrest and violence, joining the 585,000 already in exile. The security conditions in DRC, especially in the eastern and central parts have continued to worsen since the beginning of 2018. Because of this, the Congolese refugee population is now among the ten largest in the world. Nearly 55 per cent are children, many crossing borders unaccompanied or separated. Existing camps and sites in many asylum countries are saturated, and available basic services are stretched to the limit. The situation requires support, adequate resources and collaboration so that effective protection and assistance can be delivered efficiently to Congolese refugees.
Highlighting statelessness in the 12 Member States of the ICGLR, and what is being done to eradicate it. Media coverage, testimonies of stateless persons, reports on the issue and all documents pertaining to the Brazzaville Declaration process can be consulted in English, French, Portuguese and Arabic.
In September 2019, with the aim of bringing decision making closer to the point of delivery, UNHCR opened its Regional Bureau for the East, Horn of Africa and Great Lakes Region (EHAGL). It is located in Nairobi, Kenya and covers 11 operations: Burundi, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda. Within the EHAGL region, two situations are managed by the Bureau: the South Sudan Regional Refugee Situation and the Burundi Regional Refugee Situation. The Bureau has accountability for strategic decision-making, regional prioritization, oversight of integrity issues, and quality assurance, and possesses the technical capacity to support country operations in a wide range of sectors such as education, child protection, economic inclusion and durable solutions.