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Refugees and asylum-seekers in Kenya

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Loading Total Refugees and Asylum-seekers in Kenya

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Refugees and Asylum-seekers in Kenya by sub-location JSON 
Location name Source Data date Population
Nairobi UNHCR, Government 31 Oct 2021
  15.5%
83,791
Garissa UNHCR, Government 31 Oct 2021
  43.2%
232,903
Turkana UNHCR, Government 31 Oct 2021
  41.3%
222,390

Total Refugees in Kenya JSON 
479,872
Last updated 31 Oct 2021
Source - UNHCR 
Refugees in Kenya - Breakdown by country of origin JSON  .CSV 
Country of origin Source Data date Population
Somalia UNHCR 31 Oct 2021
  57.8%
277,527
South Sudan UNHCR 31 Oct 2021
  28.5%
136,594
Dem. Rep. of the Congo UNHCR 31 Oct 2021
  6.4%
30,506
Ethiopia UNHCR 31 Oct 2021
  4.3%
20,683
Burundi UNHCR 31 Oct 2021
  1.5%
7,287
Sudan UNHCR 31 Oct 2021
  0.9%
4,392
Others UNHCR 31 Oct 2021
  0.4%
2,041
Uganda UNHCR 31 Oct 2021
  0.2%
842


Total Asylum-seekers in Kenya JSON 
59,212
Last updated 31 Oct 2021
Source - UNHCR, Government 
Asylum-seekers in Kenya - Breakdown by country of origin JSON  .CSV 
Country of origin Source Data date Population
Dem. Rep. of the Congo UNHCR, Government 31 Oct 2021
  30.0%
17,756
Burundi UNHCR, Government 31 Oct 2021
  20.1%
11,916
Ethiopia UNHCR, Government 31 Oct 2021
  16.3%
9,634
Somalia UNHCR, Government 31 Oct 2021
  13.8%
8,159
Sudan UNHCR, Government 31 Oct 2021
  10.3%
6,101
Others UNHCR, Government 31 Oct 2021
  5.4%
3,198
Uganda UNHCR, Government 31 Oct 2021
  4.0%
2,352
South Sudan UNHCR, Government 31 Oct 2021
  0.2%
96


  Highlights
RAVES PROJECT - KENYA LAUNCH: Official launch of the Refugee Agricultural Value chains for Economic Self-reliance (RAVES) Programme. FAO with funding from the IKEA Foundation and in collaboration with the Turkana County Government, UNHCR, WFP, IFC, INSTA Products, Egerton University and other stakeholders has initiated a project aimed at enabling farmers from Loima and Turkana West Sub-Counties of Turkana County as well as refugees in Kalobeyei settlement to produce groundnut for INSTA Products in a Public Private Partnership. The four-year project is targeting 1,500 farmers, of which 30 percent are refugees, farming on approximately 750 acres and ultimately delivering 1,200 tons of Groundnuts per year. The project is expected to bring in KES 96 million annually to Turkana County and spur the development of a groundnut industry in the County.
29 Apr 2021
UNHCR in partnership with Oracle launched the Oracle Workforce Development program, which aims to impart digital skills training with global certifications. Five Persons of Concern (PoC (3 females, 2 males) from urban areas and eight PoC (3 females, 5 males) from Kakuma were shortlisted for the training after a competitive process. The trainees will be upskilled in Java Fundamental and Programming and later be linked to job opportunities.
30 Sep 2020
PoC who can no longer support themselves in urban areas continued to request for assistance to relocate to the camps. UNHCR and the Refugee Affairs Secretariat (RAS) worked on resuming PoC’s relocation to the camps. This had been suspended towards the end of August due to a high COVID-19 positivity rate among PoC that had been tested before travel.
30 Sep 2020
RAS and UNHCR agreed to set up a working group to start a remote interviewing pilot for refugee status determination. Remote interviewing will increase the number of interviews conducted.
30 Sep 2020
In August, UNHCR and implementing partners in Kakuma distributed 130,000 reusable facemasks donated by the Government of the United States.
30 Sep 2020
  Links
Learning from experiences and seizing opportunities
UNHCR and partner practices in advancing gender equality in Sub-Saharan Africa
Refugees Self-Reliance Initiative
Promoting opportunities for refugees around the world to become self-reliant and achieve a better quality of life.
Self-reliance and social networks: explaining refugees’ reluctance to relocate from Kakuma to Kalobeyei
Self-reliance and social networks: explaining refugees’ reluctance to relocate from Kakuma to Kalobeyei
UNHCR Kenya on Facebook
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UNHCR Kenya on Instagram
UNHCR Kenya on Twitter
UNHCR Kenya Website
  Latest Documents
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    WB - Understanding the Socio-Economic Conditions of Urban Refugees in Kenya : Results from the 2020-2021 Urban Socioeconomic Survey

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    document
    The newly published research brief outlines key insights into a study about the socioeconomic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on forcibly displaced persons in Kenya and how UNHCR has responded to the ...
    Publish date: 24 November 2021 (8 days ago)
    Create date: 29 November 2021 (3 days ago)
  • Download

    Refugees International and the Center for Global Development: From Displacement to Development, How Kenya Can Create Shared Growth by Facili...

    document
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    Publish date: 19 November 2021 (13 days ago)
    Create date: 26 November 2021 (6 days ago)
  • Download

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    document
    Forcibly displaced people (FDP) are increasingly inhabiting urban areas where, together with urban hosts, they face an array of risks and heightened vulnerabilities that need to be addressed through e...
    Publish date: 8 November 2021 (24 days ago)
    Create date: 15 November 2021 (17 days ago)
  • Download

    WB - Understanding the Socioeconomic Differences of Urban and Camp-Based Refugees in Kenya

    document
    The comparative analysis on the socioeconomic conditions of urban and camp-based refugees in Kenya builds upon the findings of the Kalobeyei, Kakuma and Urban Socioeconomic Surveys (SES). It offers a...
    Publish date: 5 November 2021 (27 days ago)
    Create date: 12 November 2021 (20 days ago)
  • Download

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    This report shares lessons to inform early implementation of the World Bank’s FCV strategy in situations of conflict. The evaluation analyzes how the World Bank works differently in conflict-affected ...
    Publish date: 3 November 2021 (29 days ago)
    Create date: 29 November 2021 (3 days ago)
  • Download

    EHAGL: Refugees, asylum-seekers, refugee returnees and IDPs - 30 September 2021

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    Publish date: 25 October 2021 (1 month ago)
    Create date: 3 November 2021 (29 days ago)
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    Publish date: 25 October 2021 (1 month ago)
    Create date: 3 November 2021 (29 days ago)
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    Publish date: 26 April 2021 (7 months ago)
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    EHAGL: Refugees, asylum-seekers, refugee returnees and IDPs - 31 March 2021

    document
    UNHCR Regional Bureau EHAGL - Regional Dashboard: Refugees, asylum-seekers, refugee returnees and IDPs as of 31 March 2021
    Publish date: 26 April 2021 (7 months ago)
    Create date: 27 April 2021 (7 months ago)
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    EHAGL: Refugees and asylum-seekers by country of asylum - 31 March 2021

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    Publish date: 26 April 2021 (7 months ago)
    Create date: 27 April 2021 (7 months ago)
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    Publish date: 18 December 2018 (2 years ago)
    Create date: 18 December 2018 (2 years ago)
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    Publish date: 20 July 2020 (1 year ago)
    Create date: 27 November 2020 (1 year ago)
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    Publish date: 1 April 2020 (1 year ago)
    Create date: 3 November 2020 (1 year ago)
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    EHAGL: Refugees, asylum-seekers, refugee returnees and IDPs - 30 September 2021

    document
    UNHCR Regional Bureau EHAGL - Regional Dashboard: Refugees, asylum-seekers, refugee returnees and IDPs as of 30 September 2021
    Publish date: 25 October 2021 (1 month ago)
    Create date: 3 November 2021 (29 days ago)
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    EHAGL: Refugees and asylum-seekers by country of asylum - 30 September 2021

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    UNHCR Regional Bureau EHAGL - Regional Dashboard: Refugees and asylum-seekers by country of asylum as of 30 September 2021
    Publish date: 25 October 2021 (1 month ago)
    Create date: 3 November 2021 (29 days ago)
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    EHAGL: Internally Displaced persons (IDPs) - 31 March 2021

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    UNHCR Regional Bureau EHAGL - Regional Dashboard: Internally Displaced persons (IDPs) as of 31 March 2021
    Publish date: 26 April 2021 (7 months ago)
    Create date: 27 April 2021 (7 months ago)
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    EHAGL: Refugees, asylum-seekers, refugee returnees and IDPs - 31 March 2021

    document
    UNHCR Regional Bureau EHAGL - Regional Dashboard: Refugees, asylum-seekers, refugee returnees and IDPs as of 31 March 2021
    Publish date: 26 April 2021 (7 months ago)
    Create date: 27 April 2021 (7 months ago)
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    EHAGL: Refugees and asylum-seekers by country of asylum - 31 March 2021

    document
    UNHCR Regional Bureau EHAGL - Regional Dashboard: Refugees and asylum-seekers by country of asylum as of 31 March 2021
    Publish date: 26 April 2021 (7 months ago)
    Create date: 27 April 2021 (7 months ago)
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    UNHABITAT and UNHCR - Settlement Profiling Tool, July 2020

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    Settlement Profiling Tool - A Spatial Analysis Framework for Settlements accommodating Displaced Populations. The toolkit has been developed by UN-Habitat’s Global Solutions Division, Urban Planning, ...
    Publish date: 20 July 2020 (1 year ago)
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    Publish date: 16 December 2019 (1 year ago)
    Create date: 16 December 2019 (1 year ago)
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    Outcome report on the outcomes of the regional Government-to-Government Conference, 31 October - 1 November 2019, Addis Ababa
    Publish date: 16 December 2019 (1 year ago)
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    Publish date: 30 June 2019 (2 years ago)
    Create date: 30 June 2019 (2 years ago)
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    The 2019-2020 Regional Refugee Response Plan for the DRC situation presents the biannual inter-agency effort to capture the needs of Congolese refugees in the region. By the end of 2019, at a first st...
    Publish date: 11 December 2018 (2 years ago)
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    Publish date: 29 September 2020 (1 year ago)
    Create date: 29 September 2020 (1 year ago)
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    Publish date: 7 May 2019 (2 years ago)
    Create date: 7 May 2019 (2 years ago)
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    Publish date: 7 May 2019 (2 years ago)
    Create date: 7 May 2019 (2 years ago)
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    2019-2020 Burundi Regional RRP - At a Glance Overview

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    Two page overview of the 2019-2020 Burundi Regional RRP
    Publish date: 21 December 2018 (2 years ago)
    Create date: 21 December 2018 (2 years ago)
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    Burundi Regional Refugee Response Plan 2019-2020

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    Burundi Regional Refugee Response Plan (RRRP) 2019-2020
    Publish date: 21 December 2018 (2 years ago)
    Create date: 21 December 2018 (2 years ago)
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    UNHCR KENYA - Livelihoods and Economic Inclusion Strategy 2020-2024

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    The UNHCR Kenya Livelihoods and Economic Inclusion Strategy (2020-2024) document, which is a strategy developed jointly with partners and also reflects the feedback from Government counterparts based ...
    Publish date: 29 July 2021 (4 months ago)
    Create date: 3 September 2021 (2 months ago)
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    UNHCR: East and Horn of Africa and Great Lakes - Stepped-up Livelihoods Strategic Directions 2021-2025

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    Responding to the High Commissioner’s request to step up livelihoods interventions this document outlines the strategic directions and recommends actions for the EHAGL Regional Bureau 2020-2025 to add...
    Publish date: 1 July 2021 (5 months ago)
    Create date: 27 July 2021 (4 months ago)
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    Stepped up Livelihoods Response - Responding to Covid19 Impact on POC Livelihoods in EHAGL

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    UNHCR Summary Livelihoods Response Strategy 2020-2025
    Publish date: 4 February 2021 (9 months ago)
    Create date: 5 February 2021 (9 months ago)
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    Community Based Protection Working Group (TOR)

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    Terms of reference for the Community Based Protection Working Group in Urban areas
    Publish date: 19 August 2020 (1 year ago)
    Create date: 19 August 2020 (1 year ago)
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    Mental Health and Psychosocial Support Working Group (TOR)

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    Terms of Reference for the Mental Health and Psychosocial Support Working Group in Urban areas.
    Publish date: 19 August 2020 (1 year ago)
    Create date: 19 August 2020 (1 year ago)
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    Youth Working Group (TOR)

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    Terms of reference for the Youth Working Group in Urban areas
    Publish date: 19 August 2020 (1 year ago)
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    UNHCR Kenya Operational Update, September 2020

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    Operational Update for Kenya, as of September 2020
    Publish date: 19 November 2020 (1 year ago)
    Create date: 19 November 2020 (1 year ago)
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    Kakuma Camp Population Statistics 31 JANUARY 2019

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    Kakuma Camp Population Statistics 31 JANUARY 2019
    Publish date: 4 February 2019 (2 years ago)
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    Kalobeyei Settlement Population Statistics 31 JANUARY 2019

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    Kalobeyei Settlement Population Statistics 31 JANUARY 2019
    Publish date: 4 February 2019 (2 years ago)
    Create date: 4 February 2019 (2 years ago)
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    UNHCR Dadaab bi-weekly update 01-15 March 2017

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    UNHCR Dadaab bi-weekly update 01-15 March 2017
    Publish date: 23 March 2017 (4 years ago)
    Create date: 23 March 2017 (4 years ago)
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    UNHCR Dadaab bi-weekly update 15 - 28 Feb. 2017

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    UNHCR Dadaab bi-weekly update 15 - 28 Feb. 2017
    Publish date: 13 March 2017 (4 years ago)
    Create date: 13 March 2017 (4 years ago)
  • Country overview
    The Kenya refugee operation is impacted by political developments and the humanitarian situation in the region, mainly due to developments in the two main refugee producing countries (i.e. Somalia and South Sudan). In Somalia, despite the moderate gains made in the past three years, the humanitarian situation in 2020 is expected to remain fragile, with over some 24.2 million people in need of humanitarian assistance in Sub-Saharan Africa. In addition, the situations in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Ethiopia are responsible for refugee outflows.

    The majority of refugees and asylum-seekers in Kenya are from Somalia (54%), followed by South Sudanese (24.5%), Congolese (8.9%) and Ethiopians (5.8%). Persons of concern from other nationalities including Burundi, Sudan, Uganda, Eritrea, Rwanda, and others make up 6.7% of the total population (501,049 as at the end of October 2020). Almost half of the refugees in Kenya reside in Dadaab (44%), 40% in Kakuma and 16% in urban areas (mainly Nairobi), alongside 18,500 stateless persons. Currently, Kenya continues to be among the top refugee hosting countries in Africa. UNHCR will also continue its advocacy on behalf of stateless persons.

    The operation works with the assumption that the situation in Central and Southern Somalia will continue to allow voluntary repatriation and reintegration with no major further deterioration. For these reasons, the planning figures for voluntary return to Somalia are 10,050 in 2021 and 10,620 in 2022. As for 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic has overall affected the voluntary repatriation programme to Somalia, Ethiopia and Burundi. Small-scale repatriation to Somalia has only now been resumed in December 2020, with some more returns planned to Burundi and DRC. While some 30,000 new arrivals were expected in 2020, as a result of COVID-19 there were only 8,210 new arrivals, mainly from Somalia, South Sudan, DRC, Ethiopia, and Burundi. Considering COVID-19, a reduction in resettlement slots and the current capacity of the operation to process resettlement cases, it is projected that some 2,000 refugees will be proposed for resettlement in 2020.


       Related situations
    • Yemen Regional Refugee and Migrant Response Plan
    • Kenya - Eradication of Statelessness in the East and Horn of Africa, and the Great Lakes Region

      Highlighting statelessness in the 12 Member States of the ICGLR, and what is being done to eradicate it. Media coverage, testimonies of stateless persons, reports on the issue and all documents pertaining to the Brazzaville Declaration process can be consulted in English, French, Portuguese and Arabic.

    • Kenya - DRC Situation

      The on-going conflicts in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) have caused and continue to cause internal and external displacement of populations. In 2017, some 100,000 Congolese fled to neighbouring countries as refugees, due to widespread militia activities, unrest and violence, joining the 585,000 already in exile. The security conditions in DRC, especially in the eastern and central parts have continued to worsen since the beginning of 2018. Because of this, the Congolese refugee population is now among the ten largest in the world. Nearly 55 per cent are children, many crossing borders unaccompanied or separated. Existing camps and sites in many asylum countries are saturated, and available basic services are stretched to the limit. The situation requires support, adequate resources and collaboration so that effective protection and assistance can be delivered efficiently to Congolese refugees.

    • Kenya - Regional Bureau for the East and Horn of Africa, and the Great Lakes Region

      In September 2019, with the aim of bringing decision making closer to the point of delivery, UNHCR opened its Regional Bureau for the East, Horn of Africa and Great Lakes Region (EHAGL). It is located in Nairobi, Kenya and covers 11 operations: Burundi, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda. Within the EHAGL region, two situations are managed by the Bureau: the South Sudan Regional Refugee Situation and the Burundi Regional Refugee Situation. The Bureau has accountability for strategic decision-making, regional prioritization, oversight of integrity issues, and quality assurance, and possesses the technical capacity to support country operations in a wide range of sectors such as education, child protection, economic inclusion and durable solutions.

    • Kenya - South Sudan

      As the protracted emergency enters its sixth year, the South Sudan situation remains the largest refugee situation on the African continent. There are over 2.2 million refugees in Sudan, Uganda, Ethiopia, Kenya and the Democratic Republic of the Congo and a further 1.8 million people displaced internally in South Sudan. The situation continues to be characterized as a children’s crisis with children constituting over 65 percent of the refugee population.

    • Kenya - Horn of Africa Somalia Situation

      Somalia is at the heart of one of the worst humanitarian crises in the world today. Twenty years of conflict and waves of drought have uprooted a quarter of the country’s 7.5 million people. As the region faces its most severe drought in 60 years, the Somali exodus is growing fast. The refugees urgently need medical aid and high-protein, high-energy food. They also need clean water, shelter and basic services in the camps.


      Microdata

  • Livelihoods Programme Monitoring Beneficiary Survey, 2020

    Kenya, 2020   MicroData View details | Get Microdata | 9 |
    Authoring Entity: UNHCR
    Published: 12 October 2021
  • Socio-economic impact of COVID-19 on refugees - Round 5, 2021

    Kenya, 2021   MicroData View details | Get Microdata | 111 |
    Authoring Entity: UNHCR
    Published: 26 July 2021
  • Socio-economic impact of COVID-19 on refugees - Round 4, 2021

    Kenya, 2021   MicroData View details | Get Microdata | 80 |
    Authoring Entity: UNHCR
    Published: 14 May 2021
  • Post Distribution Monitoring Survey in Kalobeyei Settlement, March 2020

    Kenya, 2020   MicroData View details | Get Microdata | 233 |
    Authoring Entity: UNHCR
    Published: 28 June 2020