|Country of origin||Source||Data date||Population|
|Cameroon||UNHCR, Government||15 Aug 2018||92.9%||25,085|
|Dem. Rep. of the Congo||UNHCR, Government||30 Jun 2018||2.3%||619|
|Central African Rep.||UNHCR, Government||30 Jun 2018||1.5%||414|
|Others||UNHCR, Government||3 Jul 2018||1.1%||305|
|Syrian Arab Rep.||UNHCR, Government||30 Jun 2018||0.7%||191|
|Mali||UNHCR, Government||30 Jun 2018||0.5%||137|
|Côte d'Ivoire||UNHCR, Government||30 Jun 2018||0.5%||122|
|Chad||UNHCR, Government||30 Jun 2018||0.3%||87|
|Sudan||UNHCR, Government||30 Jun 2018||0.2%||49|
Northern Nigeria’s conflict with Boko Haram spilled over to the Lake Chad Basin region, where Nigerian refugees are hosted since 2014, causing large scale forced displacement and an unprecedented humanitarian emergency in Cameroon, Chad and Niger.
According to UNHCR estimates, statelessness affects millions of people worldwide, at least 700,000 of which are in West Africa. There are many factors contributing to the risk of statelessness in the region, which suggest that the population at risk is very large.
Mixed migration refers to complex population movements: people using the same routes and modes of transportation to travel, but moving for different reasons, and with different needs. In these flows, refugees move alongside people fleeing financial hardship. West Africa is a place of complex mixed migratory flows, inside the region or from the region to other parts of the world, such as Europe through the Central Mediterranean route.
Today, there are 25,000 Ivorian refugees hosted in Ghana, Guinea, Liberia and Togo. Since 2011, UNHCR has facilitated the voluntary return in safety and dignity of over 65,000 Ivorian refugees and and continues to do so.