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Refugees and asylum-seekers in Kenya

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Refugees and Asylum-seekers in Kenya by sub-location JSON 
Location name Source Data date Population
Nairobi UNHCR 31 Mar 2021
  15.8%
81,701
Garissa UNHCR 31 Mar 2021
  43.7%
225,227
Turkana UNHCR 31 Mar 2021
  40.5%
208,538

Total Refugees in Kenya JSON 
461,095
Last updated 31 Mar 2021
Source - UNHCR 
Refugees in Kenya - Breakdown by country of origin JSON  .CSV 
Country of origin Source Data date Population
Somalia UNHCR 31 Mar 2021
  58.1%
267,838
South Sudan UNHCR 31 Mar 2021
  27.9%
128,634
Dem. Rep. of the Congo UNHCR 31 Mar 2021
  6.5%
29,969
Ethiopia UNHCR 31 Mar 2021
  4.5%
20,668
Burundi UNHCR 31 Mar 2021
  1.5%
7,057
Sudan UNHCR 31 Mar 2021
  0.9%
4,081
Others UNHCR 31 Mar 2021
  0.4%
2,002
Uganda UNHCR 31 Mar 2021
  0.2%
846


Total Asylum-seekers in Kenya JSON 
54,371
Last updated 31 Mar 2021
Source - UNHCR 
Asylum-seekers in Kenya - Breakdown by country of origin JSON  .CSV 
Country of origin Source Data date Population
Dem. Rep. of the Congo UNHCR 31 Mar 2021
  29.9%
16,264
Burundi UNHCR 31 Mar 2021
  19.2%
10,454
Ethiopia UNHCR 31 Mar 2021
  16.8%
9,110
Somalia UNHCR 31 Mar 2021
  13.8%
7,516
Sudan UNHCR 31 Mar 2021
  11.3%
6,163
Others UNHCR 31 Mar 2021
  5.2%
2,848
Uganda UNHCR 31 Mar 2021
  3.6%
1,960
South Sudan UNHCR 31 Mar 2021
  0.1%
56


  Highlights
UNHCR in partnership with Oracle launched the Oracle Workforce Development program, which aims to impart digital skills training with global certifications. Five Persons of Concern (PoC (3 females, 2 males) from urban areas and eight PoC (3 females, 5 males) from Kakuma were shortlisted for the training after a competitive process. The trainees will be upskilled in Java Fundamental and Programming and later be linked to job opportunities.
30 Sep 2020
PoC who can no longer support themselves in urban areas continued to request for assistance to relocate to the camps. UNHCR and the Refugee Affairs Secretariat (RAS) worked on resuming PoC’s relocation to the camps. This had been suspended towards the end of August due to a high COVID-19 positivity rate among PoC that had been tested before travel.
30 Sep 2020
RAS and UNHCR agreed to set up a working group to start a remote interviewing pilot for refugee status determination. Remote interviewing will increase the number of interviews conducted.
30 Sep 2020
In August, UNHCR and implementing partners in Kakuma distributed 130,000 reusable facemasks donated by the Government of the United States.
30 Sep 2020
The National Council of Churches in Kenya (NCCK) donated medical equipment and Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) to UNHCR health partners in Kakuma to enhance the fight against COVID-19. The donation includes pulse oximeter, oxygen concentrators and cylinders, suction machines, infrared thermometers and assorted PPE.
30 Sep 2020
  Links
Refugees Self-Reliance Initiative
Promoting opportunities for refugees around the world to become self-reliant and achieve a better quality of life.
Self-reliance and social networks: explaining refugees’ reluctance to relocate from Kakuma to Kalobeyei
Self-reliance and social networks: explaining refugees’ reluctance to relocate from Kakuma to Kalobeyei
UNHCR Kenya on Facebook
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UNHCR Kenya on Instagram
UNHCR Kenya on Twitter
UNHCR Kenya Website
  Latest Documents
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    UNHCR - East and Horn of Africa, and the Great Lakes - COVID-19 emergency response, External Update #25

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    Published: 12 December 2020 (4 months ago)
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    Published: 26 February 2021 (1 month ago)
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    Published: 6 April 2021 (10 days ago)
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    Published: 4 March 2021 (1 month ago)
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    Published: 24 March 2021 (23 days ago)
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    Published: 19 February 2021 (1 month ago)
    Uploaded: 19 February 2021 (1 month ago)
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    UNHCR - East and Horn of Africa, and the Great Lakes - COVID-19 emergency response, External Update #26

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    UNHCR EHAGL Education Update: Regional overview (October - December 2020)
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    Regional Bureau for the East and Horn of Africa, and the Great Lakes - Factsheet May-July 2020
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    Operational Update for Kenya, as of September 2020
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    Kakuma Camp Population Statistics 31 JANUARY 2019
    Published: 4 February 2019 (2 years ago)
    Uploaded: 4 February 2019 (2 years ago)
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    Kalobeyei Settlement Population Statistics 31 JANUARY 2019

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    Kalobeyei Settlement Population Statistics 31 JANUARY 2019
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    UNHCR Dadaab bi-weekly update 01-15 March 2017

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    UNHCR Dadaab bi-weekly update 01-15 March 2017
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    UNHCR Dadaab bi-weekly update 15 - 28 Feb. 2017

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    UNHCR Dadaab bi-weekly update 15 - 28 Feb. 2017
    Published: 13 March 2017 (4 years ago)
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  • Country overview
    The Kenya refugee operation is impacted by political developments and the humanitarian situation in the region, mainly due to developments in the two main refugee producing countries (i.e. Somalia and South Sudan). In Somalia, despite the moderate gains made in the past three years, the humanitarian situation in 2020 is expected to remain fragile, with over some 24.2 million people in need of humanitarian assistance in Sub-Saharan Africa. In addition, the situations in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Ethiopia are responsible for refugee outflows.

    The majority of refugees and asylum-seekers in Kenya are from Somalia (54%), followed by South Sudanese (24.5%), Congolese (8.9%) and Ethiopians (5.8%). Persons of concern from other nationalities including Burundi, Sudan, Uganda, Eritrea, Rwanda, and others make up 6.7% of the total population (501,049 as at the end of October 2020). Almost half of the refugees in Kenya reside in Dadaab (44%), 40% in Kakuma and 16% in urban areas (mainly Nairobi), alongside 18,500 stateless persons. Currently, Kenya continues to be among the top refugee hosting countries in Africa. UNHCR will also continue its advocacy on behalf of stateless persons.

    The operation works with the assumption that the situation in Central and Southern Somalia will continue to allow voluntary repatriation and reintegration with no major further deterioration. For these reasons, the planning figures for voluntary return to Somalia are 10,050 in 2021 and 10,620 in 2022. As for 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic has overall affected the voluntary repatriation programme to Somalia, Ethiopia and Burundi. Small-scale repatriation to Somalia has only now been resumed in December 2020, with some more returns planned to Burundi and DRC. While some 30,000 new arrivals were expected in 2020, as a result of COVID-19 there were only 8,210 new arrivals, mainly from Somalia, South Sudan, DRC, Ethiopia, and Burundi. Considering COVID-19, a reduction in resettlement slots and the current capacity of the operation to process resettlement cases, it is projected that some 2,000 refugees will be proposed for resettlement in 2020.


       Related situations
    • Yemen Regional Refugee and Migrant Response Plan

    • Kenya - Eradication of Statelessness in the East and Horn of Africa, and the Great Lakes Region

      Highlighting statelessness in the 12 Member States of the ICGLR, and what is being done to eradicate it. Media coverage, testimonies of stateless persons, reports on the issue and all documents pertaining to the Brazzaville Declaration process can be consulted in English, French, Portuguese and Arabic.

    • Kenya - DRC Situation

      The on-going conflicts in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) have caused and continue to cause internal and external displacement of populations. In 2017, some 100,000 Congolese fled to neighbouring countries as refugees, due to widespread militia activities, unrest and violence, joining the 585,000 already in exile. The security conditions in DRC, especially in the eastern and central parts have continued to worsen since the beginning of 2018. Because of this, the Congolese refugee population is now among the ten largest in the world. Nearly 55 per cent are children, many crossing borders unaccompanied or separated. Existing camps and sites in many asylum countries are saturated, and available basic services are stretched to the limit. The situation requires support, adequate resources and collaboration so that effective protection and assistance can be delivered efficiently to Congolese refugees.

    • Kenya - Regional Bureau for the East and Horn of Africa, and the Great Lakes Region

      In September 2019, with the aim of bringing decision making closer to the point of delivery, UNHCR opened its Regional Bureau for the East, Horn of Africa and Great Lakes Region (EHAGL). It is located in Nairobi, Kenya and covers 11 operations: Burundi, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda. Within the EHAGL region, two situations are managed by the Bureau: the South Sudan Regional Refugee Situation and the Burundi Regional Refugee Situation. The Bureau has accountability for strategic decision-making, regional prioritization, oversight of integrity issues, and quality assurance, and possesses the technical capacity to support country operations in a wide range of sectors such as education, child protection, economic inclusion and durable solutions.

    • Kenya - South Sudan

      As the protracted emergency enters its sixth year, the South Sudan situation remains the largest refugee situation on the African continent. There are over 2.2 million refugees in Sudan, Uganda, Ethiopia, Kenya and the Democratic Republic of the Congo and a further 1.8 million people displaced internally in South Sudan. The situation continues to be characterized as a children’s crisis with children constituting over 65 percent of the refugee population.

    • Kenya - Horn of Africa Somalia Situation

      Somalia is at the heart of one of the worst humanitarian crises in the world today. Twenty years of conflict and waves of drought have uprooted a quarter of the country’s 7.5 million people. As the region faces its most severe drought in 60 years, the Somali exodus is growing fast. The refugees urgently need medical aid and high-protein, high-energy food. They also need clean water, shelter and basic services in the camps.


      Microdata

  • Post Distribution Monitoring Survey in Kalobeyei Settlement, March 2020

    Kenya, 2020   MicroData View details | Get Microdata | 81 |
    Authoring Entity: UNHCR
    Published: 28 June 2020
  • Socio-economic impact of COVID-19 on refugees - Panel Study

    Kenya, 2020   MicroData View details | Get Microdata | 46 |
    Authoring Entity: UNHCR
    Published: 26 February 2021
  • Socio-economic impact of COVID-19 on refugees - Round 1, 2020

    Kenya, 2020   MicroData View details | Get Microdata | 212 |
    Authoring Entity: UNHCR
    Published: 03 July 2020
  • Socio-economic impact of COVID-19 on refugees - Round 2, 2020

    Kenya, 2020   MicroData View details | Get Microdata | 60 |
    Authoring Entity: UNHCR
    Published: 25 November 2020