|Location name||Source||Data date||Population|
|Addis Ababa||UNHCR||30 Apr 2022||8.4%||71,822|
|Gambela||UNHCR||30 Apr 2022||42.7%||365,131|
|Benishangul-Gumuz||UNHCR||30 Apr 2022||8.5%||72,981|
|Somali||UNHCR, Government||30 Apr 2022||28.4%||242,366|
|SNNPR||UNHCR||30 Apr 2022||0.6%||4,938|
|Tigray||UNHCR||30 Apr 2022||4.3%||36,807|
|Afar||UNHCR||30 Apr 2022||6.6%||56,389|
|Oromia||UNHCR||30 Apr 2022||0.5%||4,037|
|Country of origin||Source||Data date||Population|
|South Sudan||UNHCR, Government||30 Apr 2022||46.3%||395,810|
|Somalia||UNHCR, Government||30 Apr 2022||28.4%||243,040|
|Eritrea||UNHCR, Government||30 Apr 2022||18.7%||159,369|
|Sudan||UNHCR, Government||30 Apr 2022||5.5%||47,179|
|Others||UNHCR, Government||30 Apr 2022||0.8%||6,605|
|Yemen||UNHCR, Government||30 Apr 2022||0.3%||2,468|
Somalia is at the heart of one of the worst humanitarian crises in the world today. Twenty years of conflict and waves of drought have uprooted a quarter of the country’s 7.5 million people. As the region faces its most severe drought in 60 years, the Somali exodus is growing fast. The refugees urgently need medical aid and high-protein, high-energy food. They also need clean water, shelter and basic services in the camps.
As the protracted emergency enters its sixth year, the South Sudan situation remains the largest refugee situation on the African continent. There are over 2.2 million refugees in Sudan, Uganda, Ethiopia, Kenya and the Democratic Republic of the Congo and a further 1.8 million people displaced internally in South Sudan. The situation continues to be characterized as a children’s crisis with children constituting over 65 percent of the refugee population.
In September 2019, with the aim of bringing decision making closer to the point of delivery, UNHCR opened its Regional Bureau for the East, Horn of Africa and Great Lakes Region (EHAGL). It is located in Nairobi, Kenya and covers 11 operations: Burundi, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda. Within the EHAGL region, two situations are managed by the Bureau: the South Sudan Regional Refugee Situation and the Burundi Regional Refugee Situation. The Bureau has accountability for strategic decision-making, regional prioritization, oversight of integrity issues, and quality assurance, and possesses the technical capacity to support country operations in a wide range of sectors such as education, child protection, economic inclusion and durable solutions.