The Regional Protection Sector groups together the Sub-sectors of Human Trafficking and Smuggling, Child Protection, Gender-based Violence and the Support Spaces Working Group. The regional Sector aims to strengthen protection response while enhancing the prevention of risks in a coordinated and coherent manner with national protection sectors to improve the provision of protection services and mechanisms to refugees and migrants from Venezuela. Prevention, identification, referral, and provision of assistance and protection services to persons with specific needs emphasizing ethnic, age, gender and diversity (AGD) principles is a priority, promoting effective inclusion in national protection systems to guarantee durable solutions. The Protection sector supports the inclusion of key protection elements in national response/contingency plans with regards to access to territory, registration and documentation, regularization, asylum systems, border monitoring, community outreach, including access to birth registration and confirmation of nationality, as well as key subjects linked to the right to adequate housing. This includes, among others, the promotion of training and awareness raising activities addressed to key protection stake holders, national authorities, regional networks and national sectors.
Human Trafficking and Smuggling Sub-sector
The Human Trafficking and Smuggling of Migrants Subsector has been created within the framework of the Protection Sector, with the purpose to coordinate and develop a joint and regional strategy for preventing and responding to human trafficking and smuggling of migrants in the context of the response to refugees and migrants from Venezuela. From human rights, gender, intergenerational, and differential approaches mainstreaming, this sector is aimed at contributing to develop capacities of its members to build comprehensive responses to combat these two crimes, provide guidance and technical assistance to national authorities and civil society, as well as recommendations to relevant actors on the best way to systematically integrate work against these crimes in the existing response of the other sectors of the Regional Platform.
Gender-based Violence (GBV) Sub-sector
The protection and safety of women, girls and other at-risk groups can be achieved only through collective and sustained action because GBV is addressed best when multiple sectors and organizations work together to create and implement unified prevention, response and risk mitigation strategies. Thus, the Regional GBV Sub-sector, facilitates the coordination and implementation of GBV programming in the 17 countries of the RMRP, including liaison and coordination with other sectors (coalition-building), training and sensitization, strategic planning, and monitoring and evaluation. The sub sector was established in 2018 and operates alongside with other sub-sectors, under the umbrella of the Protection Sector. The Regional Sub-sector is comprised of more than 15 standing member organizations; including UN agencies, government entities, INGOs and NGO implementing GBV programmes within the R4V platform. The sub-sector provides technical support to the national GBV Sub-sectors which extends to the 46 organizations implementing GBV activities within the Refugee and Migrant Response Plan (RMPR).
The Subsector has the following overarching objectives:
• GBV Coordination at the country level is enhanced to ensure that multiple sectors and organizations work together to create and implement unified prevention, response and risk mitigation strategies
• Specialized quality multisectoral GBV services for refugee and migrant Venezuelan GBV survivors are available and prioritized in the overall response.
• Informed advocacy positively influences governments and humanitarian actors (including UN, NGOs and CSOs) to prevent and mitigate GBV and respond to the particular needs of Venezuelan GBV survivors
• The safety, dignity and well-being, of groups at risk of GBV is enhanced through increased measures to a) mitigate the risk of GBV and b) empower women and girls
Child Protection Sub-sector
In emergency situations, children are at risk of immediate indiscriminate harm and other forms of abuse resulting from gender discrimination and unequal power relations that lead to sexual violence, kidnapping and recruitment by armed groups. Toxic stress caused by the experience or presence of traumatic events can have a devastating impact on children’s learning, behavior, and emotional and social development.
Within this framework, a subgroup on child protection in emergencies has been created to support the preparation and response to humanitarian situations and disasters in Latin America and the Caribbean. The regional Sub-sector is established at the regional level and is part of the R4V Protection Sector, supporting the refugee and migrant response. Purpose of the Regional Sub-sector is to promote the strengthening, harmonization and facilitation of processes that ensure strategic, adequate, coherent coordination and an effective response in the protection of children and adolescents in emergency situations.