In addition to the Regional Emergency Operation (EMOP), WFP Burkina Faso has a Country Programme (CP) and a Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation (PRRO). The CP targets the Sahel, North and East Regions, mainly through the school meals programme, nutrition assistance to vulnerable groups, including people living with HIV (PLHIV), Cash and Food for Work, and local procurement, food processing and fortification. In 2012, the PRRO was tailored to respond to the food and nutrition crisis in the most affected regions of the country, through blanket and targeted supplementary feeding, conditional and unconditional assistance (in-kind and cash).
Since 1963, WFP has provided US$681 million worth of assistance to Egypt, in an effort to improve food and nutritional security and access to socio-economic opportunities amongst the most vulnerable segments of Egyptians.
As of December 2012, there were 10,106 Syrian refugees registered with UNHCR and the Government of Egypt has officially requested WFP to provide food assistance to these refugees. As part of the Regional Emergency Operation along with Iraq, Turkey, Lebanon and Syria, WFP Egypt plans to provide targeted food assistance to the most vulnerable Syrian refugees through value-baased food voucher.
WFP has been operating a range of food assistance programmes in Iraq since 1991. WFPÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s Syrian Refugee Emergency Operation is therefore able to capitalize on its experience assisting vulnerable populations in Iraq.
In line with the interagency Regional Response Plan, WFP is providing food assistance up to 60,000 Syrian nationals in Iraq by December 2012. WFP is providing assistance in northern Iraq through the delivery of family food packages and is currently preparing to launch a voucher programme to beneficiaries in Domiz camp and to those living in local communities.
The World Food Programme is the food assistance arm of the United Nations system. The core policies and strategies that govern WFP activities are to:
1. Provide lifesaving food assistance (including vouchers) to Syrian refugees in urban/rural areas, camps and transit centers.
2. Provide food assistance and protect livelihoods including self-reliance and food production programmes to most vulnerable Jordanians affected by the Syrian Crisis.
3. Integrate cross-cutting themes such as gender, environment and social protection in food security interventions.
The World Food Programme is the world's largest humanitarian agency fighting hunger worldwide. In emergencies, we get food assistance to where it is needed, saving the lives of victims of war, civil conflict and natural disasters. After the cause of an emergency has passed, we use food assistance to help communities rebuild their shattered lives. Each year, on average, WFP feeds more than 90 million people in more than 70 countries. WFP is part of the United Nations system and is voluntarily funded.
WFP in the Region: As the protracted conflict in Syria intensifies, citizens continue to flee to Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey, Iraq and Egypt. Syrians are arriving in these countries with few assets, limited livelihood opportunities and little cash; families are becoming increasingly dependent on humanitarian assistance. Joint needs assessments of displaced Syrians in these neighbouring countries showed that food is a top priority. To respond to these urgent food needs, WFP launched a Regional Refugee Emergency Operation that provides food assistance as part of a broader framework of support to refugees under the leadership of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). WFP supports strong partnerships with Governments, United Nations organizations and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGO), and is aligned with the United Nations Syria Regional Response Plan/s. WFPs Regional Emergency Operation to cover the food needs of refugees who have fled to neighbouring countries was launched in July 2012 (and February 2013 in Egypt). To date, WFP has assisted almost 1.2 million refugees, nearly 90 percent of whom were assisted through a food voucher programme. WFP plans to reach 2.6 million refugees by the end of 2013.
For more information on WFP's Syrian refugee response, please see: https://www.wfp.org/stories/wfp-responds-syrian-refugee-crisis.
WFP did not have a programmatic presence in Turkey before the launch of the Regional Refugee Emergency Operation, though it did have a procurement and representation office in Ankara which closed at the end of 2011.
The Government of Turkey is generously providing Syrians with a high standard of support. At the Government of Turkeyâ€™s request, WFP is complementing the Governmentâ€™s assistance through its Electronic Food Voucher Programme targeting 30,000 Syrians by December.